Differences In the Ummat and Siraat e Mustaqeem
By Shaykh Muhammad Yusuf Ludhyanvi (r.a)
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Respected Janaab Moulana Saheb,
A real brother of mine, my cousin, five real uncles, many other close family and I are residing in Dubai and Sharjah now for quite some time. All of us, besides one or two of us perform our Salaat with regularity and punctuality. We spend many of our free hours discussing the various schools of thought. Most of us are relatively learned, and have a good understanding of the religion. Most of us have Kitaabs of the various Ulama of differing Aqaa v id, of which we study quite thoroughly. As far as our relatives are concerned, as close as we are, we have that many differing ideologies and differences between us. We indulge in great criticisms of each other’s beliefs. Just like is happening in our hometown, where people criticise and revile the respected Ulama of the opposition. Most of us are of the Sunni Aqaa v id, who regard themselves as the true lovers of Rasulullaah (sallAllaahu alaihi wasallam), and therefore imagine themselves to be the best of the lot. Just like presently in Pakistan, Noorani Mia Saheb regards himself and his group as “Suwaad-e-Azam”, and they perform only the Fardh Salaat, stating as proof that Islaam began with that only. There is a group amongst us here that is similar. In their opinion there is no Aalim in Pakistan other than Moulana Maudoodi, whom they will follow. Their claim is that it is shirk for the visitors to the grave of Ghaus (rahmatullahi alaih) to read ‘Faatihah’ and to have ‘Gyaarwi’ and ‘Khatam Shareef .
Nevertheless, when all of us have any discussion, then I am appointed as the third person (i.e. as mediator), that is because I do not sight or condemn any particular group nor do I condemn any Aalim. All my companions readily and gladly accept my decision. In this way many of our discussions reach an end and a suitable conclusion. However, there are some questions, which due to a lack of knowledge, I cannot reach a final decision. After reading your article in the ‘Jang’, of which I am an avid reader, and which I read with great enthusiasm, I have made mashwera with my companions, and we have agreed to forward some pertinent questions to you, to which we have not as yet reached any agreement upon:
1. What is the difference between the beliefs of the Sunni, Shiah, Deobandi, Barelwi and Wahaabi sects? What are their differences? Which is the most virtuous amongst them? How many sects do they comprise of? Also, we would appreciate it if you could mention the names of the Imaams (leaders) together with their descriptions.
2. To what extent would it be correct to perform only the Fardh Salaat? I have asked a notable Egyptian Aalim, who lectures here – as to the reason why he only performs the two Fardh Rakaats of the Jumuah Salaat, whilst there are also Sunnats and Nafls to perform. He replied by averring that the door of the room of Nabi (sallAllaahu alaihi wasallam) was attached to Masjid-e-Nabawi, and Nabi (sallAllaahu alaihi wasallam), after performing the two Rakaats of Fardh of Jumuah, would leave the Masjid and go into his room, where it is not known what he read therein. He claims that in this way he is following the Sunnat-eNabawi (sallAllaahu alaihi wasallam).
Could you please be kind enough to shed some light on this subject and explain this mas v alah and tell us if this lecturer is correct in his claim or not. If he is incorrect then what is the correct mas v alah?
3. Is the recitation of ‘Faatihah’ for the visitors to a grave, to give ‘Ghyaarwi Shareef and ‘Khatam Shareef (i.e. for the forgiveness of the deceased to recite Qur v aan Shareef and make Thikr – in groups) shirk? Explain in the light of the Qur v aan and Sunnat. I am appealing to you that, since its answer will change our lives, we have all agreed to act upon whatever reply you furnish from the Qur v aan and Sunnah, we request you to show us the correct road.
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By Shaykh Muhammad Yusuf Ludhyanvi (r.a)