Makkah ziyarah guide
In the name of Allah, the most Compassionate, the most Merciful
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This ziyarah guide has been produced to provide facts and details on major landmarks in the city of Makkah and the
surrounding area. It is intended to help Muslims gain more awareness on the history and significance behind these
places, particularly for those embarking for Hajj or Umrah.
The content has been sourced from www.islamiclandmarks.com; a website that brings together information on
places of historical Islamic importance from around the world. The aims of the site are to revive interest in the
Ummah about our history and the relevance of past personalities and places.
Although many places have been shown in this guide, it is by no means a complete list of important landmarks in
Makkah. Insha’Allah, we hope to update the guide in the future with additional content and resources. All the
information in this guide has been checked and verified by several scholars in the UK, including graduates from
Darul Uloom Bury. References have been provided towards the end of this guide.
IslamicLandmarks.com is a non-profit making organisation and is not affiliated with any sponsorship or commercial
We thank Allah (جل جلاله (for giving us this opportunity to serve His deen. May He bless and abundantly reward all the
people involved in putting together this guide and pardon any errors (Ameen).
Readers are kindly requested to remember us and our families in your duas when visiting the holy city of Makkah.
Abu Huzaifa (Tadkeshwari)
When Islam began to spread, the Quraysh became more embittered and could not tolerate the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم(
any longer. The chiefs drew up a document which called for the social and economic boycott of the Prophet
(صلى الله عليه وسلم (and all those who supported him and his family. They all signed this document on 1st Muharram of the
seventh year of the Prophethood and the scroll was hung inside the Ka’bah to give it full sanctity. For three long
years the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (and his kinsmen were expelled to a narrow valley in Makkah. Food was so scarce that
they had to resort to eating leaves of trees and their children’s cries could be heard all over the valley. At last by
the Grace of Allah, the scroll was eaten up by white ants save for the name of Allah and the boycott was lifted.
§ When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (arrived in Makkah on the day of victory (in 8 AH), he made tawaf around the Ka’bah
seven times and touched the Hajar al-Aswad with his staff. He then asked Uthman bin Talha to open the door of
the Ka’bah. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (entered the Ka’bah accompanied by Usama bin Zaid, Bilal and Uthman bin Talha
( مھنع الله يضر( . The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (closed the door, performed prayer, and stayed for some time.
§ The two horns of the ram which Ibraheem ( ملاسلا ھیلع ( slaughtered were hung inside the Ka’bah. When Abdullah
bin Zubair ( ھنع الله يضر ( demolished the Ka’bah to rebuild it, he found the horns had disintegrated due to previous
damage and age.
§ The Quraysh had erected their chief idol, Hubal, within the centre of Ka’bah. It was made of red carnelian (a
type of mineral) and shaped like a human with the right hand broken which the Quraysh had replaced with
gold. In front of the idol were seven arrows of fate and when the pagan Arabs were undecided on a matter they
would go to Hubal and throw the arrows in front of him and took ‘advice’ based on how the arrows appeared.
§ Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (had made a vow that if he ever had ten sons he would
sacrifice one of them to God in front of the Ka’bah. When he subsequently fathered ten grown up sons up he
announced his vow to them and had their names written on arrows of fate which were mixed and then one
drawn out. Destiny fell upon Abdullah, his youngest and dearest son, who was to become the father of the
Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم(. Not wanting to sacrifice Abdullah, Abdul Muttalib consulted a soothsayer to see how he could be
exonerated from his vow and in return for Abdullah’s life he gave away 100 camels. Hence the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (is
called the descendant of the “two sacrificed ones” (Ismail ( ملاسلا ھیلع ( and his own father, Abdullah).
§ The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم (had Hubal destroyed after the conquest of Makkah.