The Principles and Codes of Law in Hanafi Fiqh
By Shaykh Ashraf Ali Thanvi (r.a)
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A few words about Hadhrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (A.R) (1280 – 1362/ 1864 -1943 -India)
He was responsible for academic and religious revival in India. One who dedicated his entire life to the upliftment of the understanding of Islaam. Born in 1864 (1280) of the lineage of Hadhrat Umar ibn ul Khattab, in Tana Bawan.
He grew up in a purely religious environment. Memorized the Quraan e Kareem and completed most of the Islamic sciences at a very tender age. Shy by nature, not inclined to play, and found performing Tahajjud at the age of 12. At the age of 15, he traveled to Darul Uloom Deoband to study under Moulana Mahmood ul Hassan (A.R), Moulana Yacqooub Nanotwi (A.R), Moulana Qasim Nanotwi (A.R) and Moulana Sayid Ahmad Dehlawi (A.R). He spent 5 years and did not even accept meal invitations from relatives.
He debated with Hindus and Christians but later avoided all. Completed studies in Deoband in 1884 (1300). He proceeded on the advice of his teachers to Al Fayd Al Aam in Kanpur Jami ul Uloom from which many renowned scholars emanated.
He wrote about 1000 books. He wrote on Tafseer, Ahadeeth, Fiqh, Aqeedah, Tasawwuf, Dawah, General Guidance, Dhikr, and Seerah. His talks have been published in 20 volumes stretching over 600 pages per volume. His explanations were simple and clear.
He took allegiance at the hands of Haji Imadadullaah al Makki. He performed Hajj in 1892 – 93 (1310) and stayed with his Shaykh for 6 months.